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Computational Linguistics

    Computational linguistics (CL) is a discipline between linguistics and computer science which is concerned with the computational aspects of the human language faculty. It belongs to the cognitive sciences and overlaps with the field of artificial intelligence (AI), a branch of computer science aiming at computational models of human cognition. Computational linguistics has applied and theoretical components.Theoretical CL takes up issues in theoretical linguistics and cognitive science. It deals with formal theories about the linguistic knowledge that a human needs for generating and understanding language. Today these theories have reached a degree of complexity that can only be managed by employing computers. Computational linguists develop formal models simulating aspects of the human language faculty and implement them as computer programmes. These programmes constitute the basis for the evaluation and further development of the theories. In addition to linguistic theories, findings from cognitive psychology play a major role in simulating linguistic competence. Within psychology, it is mainly the area of psycholinguisticsthat examines the cognitive processes constituting human language use. The relevance of computational modelling for psycholinguistic research is reflected in the emergence of a new subdiscipline: computational psycholinguistics.Computational Linguistics is the only publication devoted exclusively to the design and analysis of natural language processing systems. From this unique quarterly, university and industry linguists, computational linguists, artificial intelligence (AI) investigators, cognitive scientists, speech specialists, and philosophers get information about computational aspects of research on language, linguistics, and the psychology of language processing and performance.
    Computational Linguistics (CLI) is the scientific study of language from a computational perspective. It is an interdisciplinary field which draws on linguistic theory (phonology, syntax, semantics, pragmatics) and computer science (artificial intelligence, theory of computation, programming methods), as well as, to a lesser extent, other disciplines such as philosophy, cognitive science, and psychology. CLI is a lively and intellectually vital scientific discipline, generating advances that shed new insight on models of human linguistic abilities, as well as creating opportunities for practical tools that can be of tremendous benefit to society. Established in connection with Georgetown’s pioneering research in the 1950’s in Russian-English machine translation, Computational Linguistics at Georgetown offers a novel, theory-based, technology- aware program of study which prepares students for teaching and research in linguistics and computational disciplines as well as research and development positions in the growing field of information technology. Retrieved Abr 14, 2008, 12:42
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abril 14, 2008 - Posted by | Human Language Technologies |

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